The eye has its own pressure just like our blood, and this is referred to as intra-ocular pressure (IOP). When this IOP increases to dangerous levels, it can damage the optic nerve, which sends signals to the brain. This can result in decreased peripheral vision and eventually blindness if not treated early and properly.
Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in the world and it affects an estimated 3 million Americans, causing blindness in over 120,000 individuals. Even if those with glaucoma do not become blind, their vision can be severely impaired.
Glaucoma Symptoms and Diagnosis
It is important to treat glaucoma in its early stages, when minimal damage has occurred. Sometimes, symptoms are difficult to gauge and can vary from pain, headaches, rainbow-colored halos around lights, nausea and vomiting, to loss of peripheral vision. The only way to ensure early diagnosis and treatment is to have yearly eye exams with an eye doctor.
Dr. Orazio L. Giliberti, FACS has over 30 years of experience treating and managing glaucoma patients.